Everything You Need to Know About Cats  

Everything You Need to Know About Cats

The elegant walk, the silent and mysterious behaviour, the suddenly playful attitude that abruptly stops, and the nonstop snobbery… These traits surely describe any cat in the world. Despite the general snobbish attitude, there are still people who would pick them anytime over man’s known best friend, the dogs. What’s not to love about these dainty, elegant animals? They are effortlessly cute and haunting at the same time. Also, even though they usually ignore their humans, we can never deny the outburst of affection that they give us whenever they feel like it is the best time for cuddling.

None of us are born with knowing anything. Throughout life, we​​learn something new constantly and expand our knowledge. A lover of animals and responsible owner are not the same thing. At least 50% of cases, animal lovers do not act as responsible owners of their pets. Precisely because of that kind “animal lovers”, the animals suffer the most. Cat, also known as the domestic cat or house cat, is a small carnivorous mammal of the genus Felis. It is believed that their ancestor was the African wild cat. Cats living in close connection with people have been doing so for at least since 9,500 years ago. There are many different types of cats, some of which are tailless or hairless, as a result of mutations. The same is the reason why there are cats in different colors.

There are also short-haired and long-haired cats. Cats are, by nature, the exact opposite of dogs. Unlike dogs, cats are stubborn and willful. They will often that they’ll register your calling, but will not turn around and it will come to cuddle only when they want. They are skilled predators and are very smart. They communicate by voice (meowing), spinning, snorting, spitting, and with a hundred other voices and body signals, such as the position of the tail, ears and hair. An adult cat from nose to the tall is long about 60 cm. While their tail is long about 25 cm. A cat on average, weights between 2.5 and 7 kilos, although some species, such as the Maine Coon can reach over 11 kilos. In most cases cats get overweight, because of “overeating”. This is very unhealthy for the cat, and should be prevented, proper nutrition and exercise (playing) which is especially true for cats that live indoors.

Household cats live on average between 14 and 20 years, although the oldest cat lived up to 36 years. Domestic cats live longer if you do not get out of the home often. Cats that live exclusively in the street and at the same time are an intact/non-castrated, live much shorter – males up to 3 years, females up to 5 years. Most cats have raised ears, while those with lowered ears are rare. When frightened or angry, a cat reacts with a snort, a growl, and sways ears back. Cat will also scrunch ears back when they’re having fun and playing with other cats. Cats gain strength by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow up. During the day, they usually sleep 12-16 hours. Some cats can sleep as many as 20 hours in 24 hours. Because of their nocturnal nature, in the evening, an increased hyperactivity in cats happens and desire to play.

Temperament of the cats varies and depends on the type of cat and social factors. Shorthair cats are usually thinner and more active than the long-haired. Normal body temperature of cats is between 38-39°C. Feline pulse is between 140-220 beats per minute and depends on how excited the cat is. The widespread belief that the cat always lands on its feet, is true, but not in every case. During the fall, cat reflexively turns its body and corrects the posture by using its highly developed sense of balance and flexibility. It is always corrected in the same direction, if there is time for it, during the fall. (This only applies to cats that have tails).

The tail, cats use for balancing during the fall. It happened that some cats fell from the fifth floor and survived, while some fell from the second and received fatal injuries. The reason for this is that in the later example, the cat didn’t have time to position its body and land safely. Cats can cast their claws in different lengths, depending on whether they would use them to defend themselves or climb. Feline night vision is superior to most living beings, not to mention humans.

Cats are available to see different colors, but not as we do. Cats have a third eyelid, or a thin, transparent membrane that covers the eyes with. It can be seen at the moment when the cat opens their eyes, and when they’re sleepy or happy. If it is a cat constantly shows the third eyelid, it may mean that the cat is sick and should be taken to the vet. Some types of cats (albino) and those with different eye color are often deaf.

Temperament of the cats varies and depends on the type of cat and social factors. Shorthair cats are usually thinner and more active than the long-haired. Normal body temperature of cats is between 38-39°C. Feline pulse is between 140-220 beats per minute and depends on how excited the cat is.

Shorthair cats

Everything You Need to Know About Cats  

The widespread belief that the cat always lands on its feet, is true, but not in every case. During the fall, cat reflexively turns its body and corrects the posture by using its highly developed sense of balance and flexibility. It is always corrected in the same direction, if there is time for it, during the fall. (This only applies to cats that have tails). The tail, cats use for balancing during the fall. It happened that some cats fell from the fifth floor and survived, while some fell from the second and received fatal injuries. The reason for this is that in the later example, the cat didn’t have time to position its body and land safely.

Cats can cast their claws in different lengths, depending on whether they would use them to defend themselves or climb. Feline night vision is superior to most living beings, not to mention humans. Cats are available to see different colors, but not as we do. Cats have a third eyelid, or a thin, transparent membrane that covers the eyes with. It can be seen at the moment when the cat opens their eyes, and when they’re sleepy or happy. If it is a cat constantly shows the third eyelid, it may mean that the cat is sick and should be taken to the vet. Some types of cats (albino) and those with different eye color are often deaf.

Everything You Need to Know About Cats

If your cat has slimy eyes, which is often the case, it is likely that it caught an infection. Do not rinse eyes with herbal tea or any other alternative medicine solutions. Use only saline, boiled, lukewarm water. You can use for a couple of days, drops purchased exclusively in veterinary pharmacy. Make sure your cat does not have a respiratory infection, because in this case should not take any antibiotics. Also, make sure that your cat does not have a large infestation of intestinal parasites, because it can also be the cause of the leaking nose and eyes watering. Cats can hear sounds of very high frequency, even higher than dogs.

The sense of smell in cats is 14 times stronger than in humans. Whiskers help the cat about navigation and the sense of touch. It is believed that the cat cannot rely on their mustache when they find themselves in the mist. Also, the whiskers help them to keep balance. By looking at cat’s whiskers, you can see their mood. When they are pointing forward, that means that the cat is inquisitive and friendly, but when they are relaxed and dropping down, it means the cat is aggressive or tries to defend itself. Cats cannot taste sugary foods due to a defect in the gene for the reception of sweetness.

Domestic cats are very good predators as they’re, by nature, carnivore animals. They often bring their owner“trophies”like mice or bugs. The motive is not completely clear, but when we reflect that our cats are seen as part of the pack, it is considered that they wish to contribute to feeding the pack. Someone claims that they do this as a sort of gratitude. Cat definitely wants to be praised for their symbolic contribution to the group, and the motive can be to want to share the loot with the rest of the pack. You do not need to scream and heighten the tone because you saw a mouse, a bird, a cockroach, or anything else. Just quietly get the loot, praise your cat and forgive her. Cat tongue has sharp creases, suitable for scraping the meat off the bone, but also cleaning their fur. It is common to cats in their meat diet occasionally bring small amounts of grass or herbs. When the cat is licking their fur, the stomach might accumulate some of the hair, forming a ball. In the wild, a cat eats a “cat grass”to induce vomiting, and release the accumulated balls of hair.

cat grass

Everything You Need to Know About Cats  

Domestic cat does not have that privilege, so the cat grass should be purchased or a type of paste, which will form something like a lubricant and will help the cat lubricate the digestive system, so that hair is digested and removed through excrement. Cats like to eat mainly raw meat, because it has a nutritional value that they need. Give them fresh mean, examined for human consumption, at least occasionally. Of course, raw meat brings a risk of infection with parasites, and it is necessary to regularly treat the cat against internal parasites. Cat can eat only cat food. A combination of granules with occasional soft foods might be the perfect thing. It is a balanced diet with which you will never go wrong. With the help of the granules, cat removes the accumulated plaque on the teeth and thereby cleans its teeth, which should ideally be washed with the help of humans. When eating dry food–granules, cat will require a lot more fresh water than when eating soft wet food.

Occasionally deed the cat with vitamin pills to maintain their good immunity and to make them rest of the pack. You do not need to scream and heighten the tone because you saw a mouse, a bird, a cockroach, or anything else. Just quietly get the loot, praise your cat and forgive her. Cat tongue has sharp creases, suitable for scraping the meat off the bone, but also cleaning their fur. It is common to cats in their meat diet occasionally bring small amounts of grass or herbs. When the cat is licking their fur, the stomach might accumulate some of the hair, forming a ball. In the wild, a cat eats a “cat grass”to induce vomiting, and release the accumulated balls of hair. Domestic cat does not have that privilege, so the cat grass should be purchased or a type of paste, which will form something like a lubricant and will help the cat lubricate the digestive system, so that hair is digested and removed through excrement. Cats like to eat mainly raw meat, because it has a nutritional value that they need. Give them fresh mean, examined for human consumption, at least occasionally. Of course, raw meat brings a risk of infection with parasites, and it is necessary to regularly treat the cat against internal parasites.

Cat can eat only cat food. A combination of granules with occasional soft foods might be the perfect thing. It is a balanced diet with which you will never go wrong. With the help of the granules, cat removes the accumulated plaque on the teeth and thereby cleans its teeth, which should ideally be washed with the help of humans. When eating dry food–granules, cat will require a lot more fresh water than when eating soft wet food. Occasionally deed the cat with vitamin pills to maintain their good immunity and to make them nutrients that will provide your cat with a better immunity and health, and even help it live longer. Cats love to play with strings. They just cannot resist a rope dangling or dragging on the floor. If at the end of a rope is hooked a feather of birds, the experience is complete. If the cat swallows a piece of rope, thin wool or the like, it can lead to disease and often death. So, you always need to have them under the watchful eye of the owner.

Therefore, some people in the game with a cat are using a laser with a red dot, but many were opposed to this because of the danger to the cat’s eyes, although the main reason for this might be the loss of pleasure for the cat for successfully capturing the object. Due to the lack of understanding why they cannot catch the laser beam, the cat may become irritable and shaky, so it is not recommended playing with laser more than a few minutes. Many cats like to play with small balls and even to run after them when they’re thrown away. They like to be everywhere and a variety of boxes and containers makes a great deal of fun for the cat. During the game, you do not have to use small items that may accidentally get swallowed by the cat. Also, do not use any items that are not made for cats’playing, like pens, lighters, etc. If you gave them to the cat, be sure that you will never find the place where they left them.

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Everything You Need to Know About Cats  

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