Cats Information and Facts
Cats have been human companions since time immemorial. Ancient Egyptian, Greek, and other archeological surveys indicate the presence of feline creatures. Cats have a natural instinct to predate rodents and similar vermin that harm human life. Therefore, cats have become an intrinsic part of human life since the early ages.
Domestic cats are descendants of a group of self domesticating desert wildcats, Felis silvestris lybica circa.
Normally cats weigh between five-and-half and sixteen pounds with a few species weighing up to fifty pounds. Some species of cats weigh as little as four pounds.
Cats are carnivorous animals. They do not like fruits, grains, or vegetables. They have a digestive tract that suits meat
digestion the best. Molar and premolar teeth on each side of the mouth can tear meat. Their tongue has sharp spines that help in ripping flesh from the skin of a carcass.
Although cats prefer a meat diet, they do need little quantities of vegetable matter for easy digestion. Adult cats are lactose intolerant and therefore it is best to feed them lactose-free milk.
Cats can be fussy eaters. They sometimes will refrain from eating their favorite food. Domestic cats cannot change their inborn instinct to hunt animals. They could kill small birds, insects and animals like rats, mice, cockroaches, scorpions, grasshoppers, and others.
Cats can eat prepared foods. They will like foods that you eat, rich in fats and proteins but these may not improve their wellbeing. Domesticated cats at times grow obese by eating rich foods. It is therefore essential for cats to have regular exercise.
Cats have a special gait, similar to camels and giraffes. They move in an unusual way with both legs moving in one
direction and thereafter both legs moving in another direction.
The breed of a cat decides its temperament. Oriental body types of cats are normally thin and more active while the body type of heavier and less active cats is much different.
Cats have sharp sight at night, although daytime vision is not so sharp. They have a keen sense of hearing and can hear high-pitched sounds clearer than us. Their sense of smell is fourteen times more sensitive than humans. They are more sensitive to touch.
Cats sleep more than most animals with an average of thirteen to fourteen hours of sleep each day. Some cats can also sleep for twenty hours in a day. Normal body temperature of a cat is between 101 and 102.2°F. The range of normal heartbeat is between 140 to 220 beats per minute. This could increase due to excitement.
Cats are not pack animals. They prefer being on their own.
They like to fend for their food themselves. Nevertheless, cats have grown a social relationship with humans. They can adapt to humans easily. They make different sounds while communicating with humans. These are different from sounds they use to communicate with other animals.
Cats have an inherent liking for high places, probably for a better survey of its territory. They can land on their prey
stealthily. Cats are playful creatures, especially kittens. They love playing with dangling pieces of string or yarn. However, ingestion of string could cause serious problems.
Cats have a low rate of detoxification. Therefore, they develop frequent problems due to exposure to normally safe
substances. Cats do not have the necessary enzymes to tackle and deal with such toxic substances. Simple human foods like chocolate, garlic, and onions can cause upsets in cats.
Female cats can have various fertility periods within a single period of heat. This heat period could last between four to seven days, sometimes extending longer. A female could mate with different males during a heat period.
Normal gestation period for cats is 63 to 65 days. Litters could have three to five kittens. Female cats reach sexual maturity within four to ten months while males reach maturity within five to seven months. It is possible to spay cats as early as six to eight weeks. This restricts unwanted reproduction and other sex-related behavior.
Cats have a long life. Domesticated cats can live for fourteen to twenty years. Cats can survive high falls, which could prove fatal to other animals. People perceive cats to have nine lives. This is due to their ability to survive accidents and live long lives.
Cats are clean animals. They regularly lick their fur with their saliva that contains a powerful cleaning agent, which could cause allergic reactions in some humans.
There are more than thirty to forty breeds of cats with many new breeds developing regularly. There are many different varieties of cats with different color combinations. Cat coat genetics produce different coat patterns.